Cava d’Ispica, a narrow valley that extends for about 14 km between Modica and Ispica, constitutes one of the largest natural-archaeological complexes in Sicily due to its complex and varied stratigraphy that unfolds from the Bronze Age to the High Middle Ages. In fact, the morphology of the cave with the shape of a throat, the soft limestone, the easy defensive position, the proximity to the sea, the presence of a river network, which was navigable before, have helped to make this place one of the largest caves in Sicily, where the necropolis, from the Sicilian ones with oven graves to classic ones, from the underground to the Byzantine Christian catacombs, with rock dwellings, from prehistoric caves to those medieval troglodytes. You can split the visit to the Archaeological Park into two parts: Cava d'Ispica North and Park Force, the latter in the Municipality of Ispica. In Cava Ispica North there are: the early Christian catacombs of Larderia, one of the most important and monumental complexes of burials, formed by 464 burials and dated to between the end of the third century A.D. and the fifth century A.D.; the Hellenistic Gymnasium, which was only recently discovered, that looks like a large hall for meetings; the Cave Church of St. Mary, an ancient rock oratory that preserves in its bowels a prehistoric necropolis, dating back to the XI century B.C., early Christian catacombs of the fourth century A.D. and cave dwellings from the XII-XIII century A.D .; the complex of Grotte Cadute, an Arab-Norman housing complex with multi-story condominiums excavated in the rock; the Spezieria, a rocky church set on a rocky outcrop, known as a "pharmacy" because the main room consists of a large circular room, with grooves along the walls, resembling shelves. It has been suggested that this place had been used in the Middle Ages as a pharmacy; the Finocchiara, and early Christian catacombs with magnificent Greek inscriptions on the walls.

The Park Force extends for about three hectares, and it is located on the site of the medieval town of Spaccaforno, the ancient name for the city of Ispica. The archaeological site, made accessible towards the end of the tenth century, has an interesting and continuous series of testimonies of the various cultures that succeeded, from the prehistoric period to the archaic, Byzantine-Medieval, Renaissance, such as the remains of the "Palazzo Marchionale" characterized by two phases of construction, consisting of several paved rooms and defence works; some residual elements of the Church of the Annunciation, inside the palace; the so-called "Centoscale", i.e. a tunnel dug into the rock that falls more than 50 feet below the level of the river with 280 steps. There are various environments including the "Scuderia", with the manger and excellent drainage system dug into the rock; Finally a cave used as a "Antiquarium" contains various material, coming from the investigation at the site.